Clifford A. Reid, Ph.D., is our co-founder and has served as our President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman since July 2005 and as a member of our board of directors since July 2005. From March 2003 to September 2005, Dr. Reid was Vice President of Collaborative Solutions at Open Text Corporation, a software company. In 1995, Dr. Reid co-founded Eloquent, Inc., a digital video communications company, and served as its Chief Executive Officer until 1999 and as its Chairman until 2003, when it was acquired by Open Text. In 1988, Dr. Reid co-founded Verity, Inc., an enterprise text search engine company, and served as its Vice President of Engineering from 1988 to 1992 and as its Executive Vice President from 1992 to 1993. Dr. Reid received a B.S. in Physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an M.B.A. from Harvard University and a Ph.D. in Management Science and Engineering from Stanford University.
Radoje T. Drmanac, Ph.D., is our co-founder and has served as our Chief Scientific Officer since July 2005. In 2001, Dr. Drmanac co-founded Callida Genomics, Inc., a DNA sequencing company, and served as Callida’s Chief Scientific Officer from 2001 to 2004 and has served as its President since 2004. In 1994, Dr. Drmanac co-founded Hyseq, Inc., a DNA array technology company that became Hyseq Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and later merged with Variagenics, Inc. to become Nuvelo, Inc., and served as its Senior Vice President of Research from 1994 to 1998 and as its Chief Scientific Officer from 1998 to 2001. Prior to that, Dr. Drmanac served as a group leader at Argonne National Laboratory. Dr. Drmanac received a B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in Molecular Biology from the University of Belgrade.
Keith Raffel joined Complete Genomics as Senior Vice President and Chief Commercial Officer in June 2011. In 1996, Mr. Raffel founded UpShot Corporation, Silicon Valley’s first company based on a cloud computing model, where he served as CEO and Chairman. After UpShot’s acquisition by Siebel Systems in 2003, he was named a group vice president of Siebel. When Siebel itself was purchased by Oracle Corporation in 2006, he became a group vice president at Oracle. Prior to founding UpShot, Mr. Raffel had a series of executive roles at Echelon Corporation and served as general manager of international at ROLM Corporation where he oversaw the opening of the first office of a foreign telecommunications company in Beijing. For three years before joining Complete Genomics, Mr. Raffel worked as a novelist. His published books include Drop By Drop and the national bestseller Smasher. Mr. Raffel received an A.B. and J.D. from Harvard and an M.Litt. from Oxford.